Men who had tried to escape before had drowned swimming in the frigid waters of San Francisco. Bay. Morris and his friends did not intend to. Mystery Rummy Card Game. Escape From Alcatraz by Mike Fitzgerald and Andrew Korson. Illustrated by Joe Boginski. Number of Players: 2–4 • Ages: 8 to Adult. The Great Escape from Alcatraz. Before Reading. • This is Alcatraz Island. Have you ever heard of it? What do you think these buildings on the island are for?.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Portuguese|
|Genre:||Science & Research|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration needed]|
NONFIqION: "Escape From Alcatraz" • SKILL: Votabulary Acquisition, page 1 of 2. ~~~> ~(t ~~.. Vocabulary: ~ ~(~~ (fL~ tt ~ uEscape From. Directions: Answer the questions below to help you explore the photos, captions, and other text features in the nonfiction article “Escape From Alcatraz.” 1. Escape From Alcatraz was designed to be played in teams of solvers with moderators to hand out keys, tools, maps, and puzzles in response to completed .
Brothers John and Clarence Anglin were also serving sentences at Alcatraz for bank robbery, having been convicted along with their brother Alfred. All three had been incarcerated at the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta when they first became acquainted with Morris, and John and Clarence were eventually sent to Alcatraz following a sequence of attempted escapes. Alcatraz inmate Allen West, who occupied an adjacent cell, was also brought in on the scheme.
He was serving his second term on The Rock and carried a reputation as an arrogant criminal, and he knew John Anglin from the State Penitentiary in Florida. The escape plan started to take shape in December of , beginning with a collection of several old saw blades that West allegedly found in one of the utility corridors while cleaning. In later interviews, West would take credit for masterminding the clever escape.
The plan was extremely complex and involved the design and fabrication of ingenious lifelike dummies, water rafts, and life preservers, fashioned from over fifty rain coats that had been acquired from other inmates - some donated and some stolen. They would also require a variety of crudely made tools to dig with, and to construct the accessories necessary for the escape.
By May of , Morris and the Anglins and had already dug through the cell's six-by-nine-inch vent holes, and had started work on the vent on top of the cellblock. The Anglins inhabited adjacent cells, as did West and Morris, who also resided nearby. The escape plan started to take shape in December of , beginning with a collection of several old saw blades that West allegedly found in one of the utility corridors while cleaning.
In later interviews, West would take credit for masterminding the clever escape. The plan was extremely complex and involved the design and fabrication of ingenious lifelike dummies, water rafts, and life preservers, fashioned from over fifty rain coats that had been acquired from other inmates - some donated and some stolen.
They would also require a variety of crudely made tools to dig with, and to construct the accessories necessary for the escape.
By May of , Morris and the Anglins and had already dug through the cell's six-by-nine-inch vent holes, and had started work on the vent on top of the cellblock. The Anglins inhabited adjacent cells, as did West and Morris, who also resided nearby. The inmates alternated shifts, with one working and one on lookout. They would start work at p. The brothers also were linked to the area by a woman, who recognized a photo of Clarence Anglin and said he lived near Marianna. She correctly identified his eye color, height and other physical features.
Another witness identified a sketch of Frank Morris, saying it bore a striking resemblance to a man she had seen in the area. The US Marshals went down to Brazil and got a confirmation from a local bartender that one of the brothers was there. Deputy U. The escape was investigated in a segment by Robert Stack in on Unsolved Mysteries. Two theories were tested, one by having a triathlete swim from Alcatraz to the mainland and the other having three experienced kayakers paddle the same route in a replica of the makeshift raft used by the Anglins and Morris.
While the rafters failed due to their raft being unseaworthy and had to be rescued by a motorboat that was shadowing their progress, the swimmer succeeded at making it to shore. In , a former Alcatraz inmate named Thomas Kent told the television program America's Most Wanted that he had helped plan the escape, and claimed to have provided "significant new leads" to investigators.
He declined to participate in the actual escape, he said, because he could not swim. Modern experimental and computer-simulated evidence has suggested that the ultimate outcome of the attempt may have depended on the exact time of the men's departure aboard the raft, and on whether they were sitting on top of the raft, using their paddles or partially submerged in the water, clinging to the raft and using their legs as the primary propelling force.
A MythBusters episode  on the Discovery Channel tested the feasibility of an escape from the island aboard a raft constructed with the same materials and tools available to the inmates, and determined that it was possible. The makeshift raft crafted and crewed by the MythBusters team successfully made it across the bay and made it to the Marin Headlands.
A portion of the scale tests cut for time but later shown in MythBusters Outtakes also show that debris found in the bay afterwards could have been released by the prisoners and float to where they were found through strategic use of the bay's tides to throw the authorities off their trail.
The mythbusters explored the idea, that the paddle that was found, floated back into the bay in the direction of Angel Island after the prisoners made it to the Marin Headlands as a way to throw the FBI off the convicts' trail. Using a scale model of the San Francisco Bay area, the tide could have washed the paddle in the direction of Angel Island if released from the Marin Headlands, but as with their theory of the how the escape could have succeeded, no concrete evidence existed to prove or disprove the theory.
Michael Dyke, the Deputy U. Marshal, discovered in the newly uncovered official records, it was reported that, contrary to the official FBI report of the escapee's raft never being recovered, a raft was discovered on Angel Island on June 12, , the day after the escape, along with footprints leading away from the raft.
Furthermore, the reports also claimed, that contrary to the official FBI report of no car thefts being reported, a car, a blue Chevrolet with Californian license plate; KPB , had been reported stolen in Marin County the day after the escape. It was also reported that at The DNA did not match and so the bones were not Morris'. That same year, an year-old man named Bud Morris, who said he was a cousin of Frank Morris, claimed that on "eight or nine" occasions prior to the escape he delivered envelopes of money to Alcatraz guards, presumably as bribes.
He further claimed to have met his cousin face to face in a San Diego park shortly after the escape. His daughter, who was "eight or nine" years old at the time, said she was present at the meeting with "Dad's friend, Frank", but "had no idea [about the escape]". Marshal, conceded that he "still [receives] leads once in a while regarding the case and there are still active warrants".
A study of the ocean currents by scientists at Delft University and the research institute Deltares indicates that if the prisoners left Alcatraz at A History Channel documentary presented further circumstantial evidence gathered over the years by the Anglin family. Christmas cards containing the Anglins' handwriting, and allegedly received by family members for three years after the escape, were displayed.
While the handwriting was verified as the Anglins', none of the envelopes contained a postmarked stamp, so experts could not determine when they had been delivered.
They produced photographs taken, they said, by Brizzi who died in , including one showing two men resembling John and Clarence Anglin and the farm near Rio where they were purportedly living. A coroner did not find any significant trauma to Alfred, confirming his cause of death was most likely electrocution, but Alfred's DNA was compared with a sample from "John Bones Doe"; It was not a match and so the bones did not belong to either Anglin brother.
Art Roderick, a retired Deputy U. Marshal working with the Anglin family, called Brizzi's photograph of the two men "absolutely the best actionable lead we've had," but added, "it could still all be a nice story which isn't true"; or the photograph could be a misdirection, aimed at steering the investigation away from the Anglins' actual whereabouts.
An expert working for the U. Marshals Service compared measurements of the photo subjects' physical features to those of the Anglin brothers' arrest photos, believed it most likely is a picture of John and Clarence Anglin; although the age and condition of the photo, and the fact that both men were wearing sunglasses, hindered efforts to make a definitive determination.
Other circumstantial evidence included the deathbed confession of Robert Anglin, who is said to have told family members in that he had been in contact with John and Clarence from until approximately Creating handmade replicas of the raft and paddles, they tried for Horseshoe Bay, which they considered a more realistic landing site.
While the rafters failed due to their raft being unseaworthy and had to be rescued by a motorboat that was shadowing their progress, they made it so close. In , the FBI confirmed that the existence of a letter, allegedly written by John Anglin, had forced them to reopen the investigation into the case. The author of the letter, received by the San Francisco Police Department in , claims that Frank Morris died in , and Clarence Anglin died in Marshal's office is still investigating this case, which will remain open on all three escapees until their th birthdays.
In , Christof Putzel , award-winning journalist and correspondent for Al Jazeera America, investigated the escape. Paddling with two other men in a replica of the makeshift raft used by the Anglins and Morris, they determined that due to the shifting tide, it is plausible that the trio could have paddled to Angel Island without a great degree of difficulty.
Noting the documents mentioning a raft being found on Angel Island, and the blue Chevrolet being stolen, Putzel combed though hundreds of documents and discovered various reports mentioning a chevy of the same description making its way across the country over a couple months after the escape.
According to one report two weeks after the escape, a Chevy was spotted in Oklahoma with men who met the description of the escapees, a Chevy discovered in Indiana, a Chevy spotted in Ohio, and in South Carolina, three months after the initial escape, three men matching the description of the Anglin brothers and Frank Morris trying to acquire a hideout in the woods.
Widner had to say about Morris; "in letters and conversations I've had with certain people, there's a very good indication that he left; I did kind of hear where I thought he went".
West fictionalized as a character named Charley Butts was played by Larry Hankin. Terror on Alcatraz stars Aldo Ray as Morris, returning decades later to the scene of his escape from Alcatraz and scouring his old prison cell for a map to a safe deposit box key. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article contains weasel words: Such statements should be clarified or removed. January Please see the talk page for more information. Main article: List of Alcatraz escape attempts. Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. June 12, Bend Bulletin. Spokane, Washington. June 13, Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved 6 September Archived from the original on 27 August Retrieved 7 September Retrieved 1 February FBI Records: The Vault.
Retrieved 2 April Retrieved Escape from Alcatraz — Casefile: True Crime Podcast". True Crime Podcast.
February 8, Alcatraz escapees might have survived. SF Gate. Retrieved October 13, October 12, Escape from Alcatraz". Federal Bureau of Investigation.